April 05, 2007

Halcyon days

halcyon days-calm, peaceful days


Halcyon is a name for a bird of Greek legend which is commonly associated with the kingfisher. The phrase comes from the ancient belief that fourteen days of calm weather were to be expected around the winter solstice - usually 21st or 22nd of December in the Northern Hemisphere. as that was when the halcyon calmed the surface of the sea in order to brood her eggs on a floating nest. The Halcyon days are generally regarded as beginning on the 14th or 15th of December.

Halcyon means calm and tranquil, or 'happy or carefree'. It is rarely used now apart from in the expression halcyon days. The name of the legendary bird was actually alcyon, the 'h' was added in regard to the supposed association with the sea ('hals' in Greek).
The source of the belief in the bird's power to calm the sea originated in a myth recorded by Ovid. The story goes that Aeolus, the ruler of the winds, had a daughter named Alcyone, who was married to Ceyx, the king of Thessaly. Ceyx was drowned at sea and Alcyone threw herself into the sea in grief. Instead of drowning, she was carried to her husband by the wind. The rest of the story is, in a translation of Ovid:

The Gods their shapes to winter-birds translate,

But both obnoxious to their former fate.

Their conjugal affection still is ty'd,

And still the mournful race is multiply'd:

They bill, they tread; Alcyone compress'd,

Sev'n days sits brooding on her floating nest:

A wintry queen: her sire at length is kind,

Calms ev'ry storm, and hushes ev'ry wind;

Prepares his empire for his daughter's ease,

And for his hatching nephews smooths the seas.

The legendary bird is usually identified with the kingfisher. That was also said to nest on the sea and was believed to be able to calm the sea for the seven days before and seven days after the winter solstice.


666 said...

thats interesting.. i have some decent erudition in greek myth and its replete with fascinating etymologies. shall save the rest for a post:-)

and needless to say..excellant post.

Moi said...

now that the owner himself has commented, I take the liberty to comment, Su!!!! :D well done......suddenly this blog is so much more active and fun!!!:)

and 666, will wait for the post...ur Greek erudition reminds moi, i have a Grecian frd here and she is so much in love with getting acquainted with Hindu way of life....that she's taking a course on it and paying for it too!!!And every now and then she comes and tells me things i have never known abt..........educate us abt Hellenic mythology and this time I'll stump her!!! :)

Jas Bhambra said...

Very interesting!

suramya said...

666- looking forward to that post :),
moi- I guess its the green signal for me too :)
jas-thank u.